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n

Sounds like "n" as in "no".

you

nán​bian

south

南边

IPA: [n]

f

Sounds like "f" as in "far".

law

fàn​fǎ

break the law

犯法

IPA: [f]

an

Sounds like "a" as in "palm" + "n" as in "no".

nán

difficult

nián

year

IPA: [an ~ ɛn]

en

Sounds similar to "en" as in "often" or "un" as in "sun", but slightly different.

mén

door

miàn​fěn

flour

面粉

IPA: [ən]



Single-syllable audio courtesy of the AllSet Learning Chinese Pronunciation Wiki, used with permission.

HSK word audio courtesy of Audio-cmn. (CC BY-SA 3.0)